Learning Vocabulary with Anki

Learning Vocabulary with Anki

Learning Vocabulary with Anki

Learning a new language can be challenging, especially when it comes to acquiring a large vocabulary. In today’s digital age, technology has provided us with various tools to aid in language learning. One such tool is Anki, a web-based flashcard application that uses spaced repetition to help users memorize and retain information effectively.

An Investigation into Web-based Anki

At a University in Vietnam, a study was conducted to explore the effectiveness of web-based Anki in enhancing vocabulary acquisition among first-year students. The study aimed to investigate whether the use of Anki could improve students’ vocabulary retention and overall language proficiency.

The Methodology

The study involved a group of first-year students who were divided into two groups: the experimental group and the control group. The experimental group was provided with access to web-based Anki, while the control group followed traditional vocabulary learning methods.

Implementation of Anki

The students in the experimental group were given a set of vocabulary flashcards on Anki, which they could access through their computers or smartphones. The flashcards were designed to include the target vocabulary words, their definitions, and example sentences. The students were encouraged to review the flashcards regularly and mark their level of difficulty for each word.

Spaced Repetition

Anki utilizes spaced repetition, a learning technique that presents information at increasing intervals over time. This technique is based on the psychological spacing effect, which suggests that information is better retained when it is reviewed at spaced intervals rather than in a single session. Anki automatically schedules the flashcards for review based on the user’s performance and the difficulty level assigned to each word.

The Results

The study found that the students in the experimental group, who used web-based Anki, showed significant improvement in vocabulary acquisition compared to the control group. The spaced repetition feature of Anki proved to be highly effective in helping students retain and recall the target vocabulary words.

  • Improved Vocabulary Retention: The students in the experimental group demonstrated better retention of the vocabulary words compared to the control group.
  • Enhanced Language Proficiency: The use of Anki also resulted in improved overall language proficiency among the students.
  • Increased Motivation: The interactive nature of Anki, with its gamified elements and progress tracking, motivated the students to engage actively in vocabulary learning.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. Is Anki suitable for all languages?
  2. Anki can be used for learning any language as long as the vocabulary is properly inputted into the flashcards.

  3. Can Anki be accessed offline?
  4. Yes, Anki offers offline functionality, allowing users to review their flashcards even without an internet connection.

  5. Are there any limitations to using Anki?
  6. While Anki is a powerful tool for vocabulary acquisition, it should be supplemented with other language learning activities such as reading, listening, and speaking to develop a well-rounded language proficiency.


Web-based Anki has proven to be an effective tool for enhancing vocabulary acquisition among first-year students at a University in Vietnam. Its spaced repetition feature, combined with its user-friendly interface, has made vocabulary learning more engaging and efficient. By incorporating Anki into language learning curricula, educators can empower students to expand their vocabulary and improve their overall language proficiency.